The ancient Incas were well-known for their innovation, their massive empire built in the 15th century, and the fact that they remained closed off from the other civilizations of the time – the Mayans and the Aztecs. They had a great appreciation for the stars, and many of their rituals and beliefs centered around the cosmos. In fact, the title bestowed on their emperor actually translates to “son of the sun” or the Sapa Inca if you were to use the ancient tongue. The Incas had the largest empire of the three ancient civilizations and it was believed to have started in Ecuador and extended down into Chile, with the capital city being where the famed Machu Picchu is situated – Cusco, Peru. However, the Incas were not without their problems, they were represented by lack of advanced infrastructure, an incohesive written language, and basic technologies needed for the transportation of goods. So, with all of the advances that the Incas did have, let’s take a look at how they used what they had to grow their empire and make it as efficient as possible.
While Machu Picchu became the pinnacle of Inca architectural feats, there were two specific sites that preceded its construction. These two sites were called Tiwanaku and Wari. Tiwanaku was located in Peru and Bolivia, and the Wari was also in Peru, but the two remained separate.
They were each known for their advanced architecture which is best seen by viewing the Gate of the Sun which Tiwanaku carved from one stone to be a giant obelisk.